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Old 10-12-2006, 11:26 PM
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RickI RickI is offline
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Default Capoeira, Amazing Moves Caught On Camera



I recently saw a demonstration of Capoeira at the 2006 Brazilian Festival in Deerfield Beach, FL, USA. It was incredible. The variety of athletes throwing explosive gymnastic coordinated moves demanding remarkable strength and grace was impressive to say the least. The Capoeira was being put on by GRUPO INTERNATIONAL CAPOEIRA REVELACAO of Pompano Beach, FL (954)783-7746







Some history about the origin of Capoeira from http://www.ithaca.edu/capoeira/pages/history.html follows:

"Capoeira is a 400-year-old martial art that blends music, dance, singing, and acrobatics to create a holistic approach to teaching self-defense. Originating in Africa, Capoeira was brought to Brazil by captured slaves from Angola. In this foreign land the Angolan people developed their practice into a method of defending themselves against their violent overlords. Because of their predicament, these enslaved people had to disguise their training as recreational song and dance.



The slaves from Angola, like slaves brought to the United States, blended their familiar call-and-response song forms with the regional dialect to create songs that glorified their homeland, deities, and future freedom. These songs were accompanied by a number of percussion instruments like the tambourine (pandeiro), bells (agogo), and, most importantly, the one-stringed instrument brought from Africa, the berimbau.



The ginga, roughly translated as swing, was created as the basic movement of Capoeira, so that two people practicing Capoeira appeared to be dancing together rather than fighting. The ginga is set to the rhythm of the berimbau and other instruments(bateria) to enhance the notion of dance and also to teach timing, a critical element in Capoeira.



Another characteristic of Capoeira that helped to mask its purpose of defense is the avoidance of direct contact and threatening movements against an opponent. Since a slave was obviously not allowed to show direct aggression or even opposition to his master, he had to learn the art of trickiness or malandro. For this reason, modern capoeiristas still prize sneakiness and cunning over strength and aggression. The goal of Capoeira is not to defend oneself through violence but by redirecting and avoiding violence. Although Capoeira was originally conceived as a non-aggressive practice, it was later used as a violent weapon by street gangs in Rio de Janeiro. With the emancipation of all slaves in Brazil in 1888, many former slaves, lacking jobs and social status, formed Capoeira gangs and took to crime. As a result of the terror caused by these gangs, Capoeira was outlawed in Brazil in 1892. Capoeiristas found teaching, practicing, or using Capoeira were punished severely. The price was a slashed achilles' tendon, knee, or even throat. Capoeira, however, has always been a resilient phenomenon, and it practitioners continued to hand down their beloved way of life to the next generations.



In response to the outlawing of their art, capoeiristas moved even further underground in their practice. They adopted nicknames to identify each other as capoeiristas without revealing their real identities. This practice continues to this day with nicknames, usually descriptive of the capoeirista's style or body type, being given to a newly "baptized" student of Capoeira. They also held their rodas in places that offered concealment or convenient escape routes if the cavalaria (police) showed up.



It wasn't until 1937 that Capoeira was legalized for practice in registered areas. This development was thanks to the nationalistic president Getulio Vargas, who wished to promote Capoeira as a Brazilian sport.





Today Capoeira is practiced all over the world. With the addition of Mestre Bimba's newer, faster style, Capoeira Regional and various attempts to blend Regional with its ancestor Capoeira Angola, Capoeira has seen some interesting developments since its liberation in the early 1900's. It is a renewed source of pride for Brazilians and an adopted way of life for Capoeiristas across the globe."



Capoeira is driven by unique music described on the following website, http://capoeira.htmlplanet.com/, as:

"The music of capoeira is an essential part of capoeira. It is the music which controls the speed and type of game. The main instruments of capoeira consist of the berimbau, which resembles a single string bow with a gourd at the bottom, and tire wire for a string.


A berimbau, http://www.worldartswest.org/Assets/...s/berimbau.jpg

The string's tension is adjusted by generally something that resembles a large thick coin called a "dombrau", which is pushed into the string by the ring and thumb fingers.





There is also a shaker that is held by the same hand as the vaqueta which contributes to the rhythm. There are three notes that a berimbau can play: Open, Closed, and Buzz. Open is when the berimbau is struck without the stone touching the string. Closed is when the berimbau is struck with the stone fully pressed against the wire. And buzz is done when the stone is slightly touching the wire.



Some examples of Capoeria music appear at:
http://www.bnbcomp.net/Capoeira/musiccap.htm



Some of the other instruments used in capoeira are the atabaque, which is a drum; the pandeiro, which is a tamberine; the agogo bell, which sort of resembles two round cowbells together; and finally there is the reco reco, which is a hollow, wooden, round shaped object with a grating. Sound is made by rubbing a thin stick back and forth on the grating."





From kids to adults, girls to men, the Copeira players have at it in an adept way.





All this over concrete without benefit of mats, pads or anything else other than raw honed skill. If you have a chance to see this, make a point of checking it out. It is truly amazing!


Photos Protected By Copyright 2006 Rick Iossi
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transcribed by:
Rick Iossi

Last edited by RickI; 02-03-2012 at 10:37 AM.
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